Compared to other team sports, volleyball may involve less physical contact but it is still a challenging sport for the reason that the game entails constant movement.
The offensive goal of each team is to send the ball – without holding the ball in such a way that it lands on the ground of the opposing group.
Each team consists of 6 players that have to rotate in a clockwise position every time the team wins back support time. Three players are at the net positions and the other three are in the back. Only the players at the web can block or spike close to the web. Those at the back court can also block or spike provided that they jump from behind the three-meter-line, also known as the attack line.
The beginning line-up usually includes such experts as the setter, two center-line backers, two receiver-hitters and what’s called a universal spiker. In 1998, the International Federation of Volleyball introduced a new professional player position known as the libero who is the only one that doesn’t take part in rotation.
The libero serves a critical function in receiving service and playing defense in the backcourt. Although he can’t serve, spike or rotate into the frontline, he holds the secret to making his team run a successful offense by a combination of excellent passing and ball-handling.
Volleyball has adopted since 1998 a standard scoring system called the Rally Point System which allows a group to score a point regardless of whichever of the two teams is functioning. This is unlike the standard scoring system in which only the staff at service can score.
Each team is allowed just 3 hits in the service reception. The ball is volleyed back and forth in what is called a rally. The rally goes on until the ball gets grounded on the playing court, goes out of the court or is not returned properly.
A receiving team which wins a rally not only gains a point but also wins the right to serve and the chance to rotate clockwise.
Matches are staged through best-of-five sets. The first four sets are all played to 25 points while the fifth or last set is performed to just 15 points. A team wins a set if he out scores the competition by at least 2 points. As there is no ceiling point, a set continues until a team wins by 2 points.
During the early years of volleyball, the usual attire includes baggy shirts and shorts. Shirts could be sleeveless, short-sleeved or long-sleeved and paired with either trousers or shorts.